Writing of scientific papers and research reports

Before writing scientific papers and research reports, we must first draw up a framework. The framework at least includes: purpose and significance, implementation process, implementation results, and conclusions. While writing scientific papers and research reports, students can also write their own research diary. The research diary is like a diary to record the research ideas, data and conclusions one by one, so that you can view relevant materials in the future.

Basic structure of a scientific paper/research report

basic structureIntroduction
Research topicsIt is required to be concise and clear, and appropriate words should be used to reflect the scope and extent of the research. If you need to further clarify the content of the thesis, you can add a subtopic after the topic;
AbstractThe abstract is an important part of the paper. It must be concise and clear so that readers can understand the purpose, methods, research results and conclusions of the research/invention in the shortest time.
Purpose and significanceThe purpose and significance are the beginning of the article, which can be started with an introduction, introduction or topic, mainly expounding the basic situation of the experimental object, what problems the experiment is to solve, the experimenter's point of view and the social impact of the experiment, economic value and promotion prospects.
*Note: Each study usually addresses one question
experiment procedureThe experimental process is the core of the article, including research methods and data. Research methods include experimental conditions, material sources, experimental methods and steps, testing methods and data processing methods, etc.; while research results state all the facts obtained in the experiment.
Discussion and AnalysisDiscussion and Analysis Compare new discoveries and new understandings in the research process with existing theories to clarify meaning and value. Researchers should analyze and discuss the experimental results and the problems found in the experiments one by one.
conclusionThe conclusion is the conclusion drawn from the discussion and analysis, and responds to the question-setting part of the purpose. Errors that may occur in the research, experimental limitations and problems to be solved should also be explained in this section.
Follow-up research/developmentIt is a suggestion for unsolved problems after the research is completed, which makes the research more scientific and more convincing. will also
referencesReferences refer to books, papers, etc. that are referenced when writing the thesis. References should be indicated: author's name, book title, publisher, publication time and edition, page number, and the number in the reference should correspond to the place noted in the text.

Develop research objectives with the "SMART objective" approach

The SMART objective can be used to help ensure that you/group develop effective research objectives. Also available for you/groupto review research progress, motivate individuals and teams to achieve common research goals, and agree on specific methods for you and the group to complete the set goals in a timely and effective manner. The five elements include:

1. 具體 Specific
You must check that the goals you/group have set are clear and specific? This helps participants and teachers know their expectations and can review and evaluate actual performance. (Specific objectives may include "scope of study", "period of study", etc.)

2. 可量度 Measurable
Progress towards goals often needs to be reviewed, and progress needs to be reviewed against a measurable standard. When conducting research, you can rely on the research schedule as a goal to measure, so as to adjust whether to speed up the research or not. Such a measurable goal can aid in the review.

3. 可實現 Achievable
Don't be too greedy to solve multiple problems in one study. The goal must be achievable, and it needs to take into account resources such as participants' time and skills. It must be considered when setting goals.

4. 現實 Realistic
The goals must also be realistic, such as whether the ability of the participants is available, the adequacy of resources (computers, tools, etc.), the adequacy of knowledge, etc. should also be considered.

5. 有時限 Timed
Set a time limit for your goals, and use the schedule to provide yourself and your teammates the impetus for research.