撰寫摘要
 摘要是構成論文的重要部份,必須簡潔清晰,讓讀者能在最短的時間內瞭解研究/發明的目的、方法、研究結果及結論。
摘要的範本可參考以下圖表:
研究題目
要求簡潔清晰,需要用恰當詞語反映研究的範圍和程度,如需進一步闡明論文內容,可於主題後另加副題;
目的:
簡介研究動機,為何選擇該題目作研究;
假設 或 研究的問題;

研究方法及過程的摘要,須要強調重點 / 主要步驟:
總括研究的重點 及 簡要說明研究是如何進行;
排除過程中使用物料,除非該物料對過程的影響重大或是研究的重點;
排除研究者以外如導師或前人所作的研究;

簡要說明研究數據及結果
只包括引致結論的重要,不需要包括圖表;

結論/ 應用
要求簡潔清晰,用恰當詞語說明研究的重要結果作結。

參考自Master the Abstract Writing Process from John Cole, Intel ISEF D & S Chair
(http://www.societyforscience.org/document.doc?id=27)

例子一(只供參考,並非指定範本)

Effects of Marine Engine Exhaust Water on Algae
Mary E. Jones
Hometown High School, Hometown, PA

This project in its present form is the result of bioassay experimentation on the effects of two-cycle marine engine exhaust water on certain green algae. The initial idea was to determine the toxicity of outboard engine lubricant. Some success with lubricants eventually led to the formulation of "synthetic" exhaust water which, in turn, led to the use of actual two-cycle engine exhaust water as the test substance.
Toxicity was determined by means of the standard bottle or "batch" bioassay technique. Scenedesmus quadricauda and Ankistrodesmus sp. were used as the test organisms. Toxicity was measured in terms of a decrease in the maximum standing crop. The effective concentration - 50% (EC 50) for Scenedesmus quadricauda was found to be 3.75% exhaust water; for Ankistrodesmus sp. 3.1% exhaust water using the bottle technique.
Anomalies in growth curves raised the suspicion that evaporation was affecting the results; therefore, a flow-through system was improvised utilizing the characteristics of a device called a Biomonitor. Use of the Biomonitor lessened the influence of evaporation, and the EC 50 was found to be 1.4% exhaust water using Ankistrodesmus sp. as the test organism. Mixed populations of various algae gave an EC 50 of 1.28% exhaust water.
The contributions of this project are twofold. First, the toxicity of two-cycle marine engine exhaust was found to be considerably greater than reported in the literature (1.4% vs. 4.2%). Secondly, the benefits of a flow-through bioassay technique utilizing the Biomonitor was demonstrated.
Purpose


Methods


Data/ 
Observations


Conclusions/
Applications

 
摘自Master the Abstract Writing Process from John Cole, Intel ISEF D & S Chair
(http://www.societyforscience.org/document.doc?id=27)


例子二(只供參考,並非指定範本)

可捲曲光合微生物薄膜燃料電池
近年市場上對可捲曲薄膜電池的渴求有增無减,以配合日新月異科技産品的發展。有見及此,是次研究集中開發研製光合微生物薄膜燃料電池。第一代的薄膜電池以導電玻璃爲電池的最外層,作鞏固結構之用,同時導電塑料聚吡咯以電 導化學方式塗在導電玻璃上,利用其三維網狀多孔性結構提供更大的表面面積,使生物催化劑更有效于聚合物纖維上結聚,减少電阻。該光合微生物薄膜電池顯示較大的高電力密度(619 mW/m^2) 及短路電流密度(1733 mA/m^2)。除此之外,研究更伸延至第二代可捲曲光合微生物薄膜燃料電池,使其能應用在不同産品。電極以聚吡咯,瓊脂複合物作基本物料,配以塑料片作鞏固結構之用透過全生物過程産生電能(電力密度, 135 mW/m^3 及短路電流密度, 437 mA/m^2)。
該設計除了輕型、成本低外,電池更利用超過90%可生物降解物料製成,對環境有正面影響。該報告是研發可捲曲光合微生物薄膜燃料電池的首份報告。

目的

方法

數據/ 觀察

總結/ 應用
 

摘自研究作品:可捲曲光合微生物薄膜燃料電池 潘駿生, 崔雍建, 黃耀德(中華基金中學)